What Are The Terms Related To Internet?

What Is Internet?

What Are The Terms Related To Internet? – The Internet has gained popularity and emerged as an important and efficient means of communication. The Idea of introducing the Intenet Was to allow millions of people to share information and ideas, sound, video clips using their computers across the world.

Terms Related to InterNet

World Wide Web (WWW)

WWW was introduced on 13 march 1989. The world wide web is a system of Internet Servers that supports hypertext and multimedia to access several internet Protocol on a single interface. The World Wide Web is often abbreviated as the Web or WWW. The World wide web is a way of exchanging information between computers on the internet, try to tie them togethar into a vast collection of interactive multimedia resources (Graphics, Audio, Video, Animation and Text.)

What Are The Terms Related To Internet?

Web Page

The backbone of the world wide web is made of files called pages or Web Pages. containing information and links to resources – both text and multimedia – throughout the Internet. IT is created using HTML. There are basically two main types of static and dynamic. Static Web Page are those with content that cannot change after accessing the Web Page while dynamic Web Page content change every time. The main or first page of a website is known as home page

Website

A group of web pages athat follows the same theme and are connected togethar with hyperlinks is called Website. In Other words “A website is a collection of digital documents. primarily. HTML, files, that are linked togethar an that exist on the Web Under the same domain”

E.g https://www.exploitbyte.com is a Website while https://www.exploitbyte.com/category/hacking/ is Web Page.

Web Browser

It is a software application that is used to locate, retrive and also display content on the world wide web, including Web pages. Web browsers are programs used to explore the Internet. We can install more than one .Web browser on a single computer. The user can navigate through files, folders and Websites with the help of a browser.

There Are two type of Web Browsers as follows:-

  1. Tex Web Browser – A web browser that displays only text-based information is known as text Web Browser. eg Lynx, which provides access to the Internet in the text mode only.
  2. Graphical Web Browser :- A Web browser that supports both text and graphite information is known as graphical Web browser. eg Internet Explorer, Firefox, netscape, Safari, Google Chrome and Opera.
  3. The First Graphical Web browser was NCSA Mosaic.

Web Server

It is a computer program that serves requested HTMl Pages or files. A web page client is the requesting program associated with user. The Web Browser is a client that request HTML files from Web servers. The Server computer will deliver those Web Pages to the computers that request the mand may also do other processing with the Web Pages, such as calculation and entries into databases. Every Web server that is connected to the Internet is given a unique address. ie IP address made up of a series of four numbers e.g Apache HTTP Server, Internet Information Services, Lightppd .etc.

Web Address and URL

A Web address identifies the location of a specific Web Page on the Internet, such as. http://www.exploitbyte.com On the Web, Web Addresses are called URLs. URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator.

It is the Web address for a Website or a Webpage. Tim berners Lee crated the first URL in 1991 to allow the publishing of hyperlinks on the world wide web. the URL specifies the Internet Address of a file stored on a host computer connected to the Internet. eg.

“https://www.exploitbyte.com/categories/hacking”

  • https —— Protocol Identifier
  • www ——-World Wide Web
  • exploitbyte.com —– Domain Name
  • /Categories/ ——— Directory
  • hacking ——— Web Page.

Domain Name

Domain is a group of network resources assigned to a group of users. A Domain name is a way to identify and locate computers connected to the Internet. A Domain name must be unique. It always have two or more parts, separeted by period/dot.

e.g google.com, yahoo.com etc.

Domains are organized by the type of organization and by country. A three-letter abbreviation indicating the organization and usually two-letter abbreviation indicating the country name.

Most common domain abbreviation for organization are as follows:-

  • info – Informational organizations
  • com – Commercial
  • Gov – Government
  • edu – Educational
  • mil – Military
  • net – Network Resources
  • org – non-profit organization

Some Domain abbreviations for country are as follows:-

  • in – India
  • au – Australia
  • fr – France
  • nz – New Zealand
  • uk – United Kingdom

Domain Name System (DNS) DNS stores and associates many types of information with Obtain names, but most importantly. it translates domain names (computers host names) to IP addresses. It also lists mail exchange servers accepting E-mail for each domain. DNS is an essential component of contempory Internet Use.

What Are The Terms Related To Internet?

Blogs

A blog is a Website or Web Page in which an individual records opinious, links to other site, on regualr basis. many people compare it with a journal, expect it is written online and for everyone to see.

A Typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, Web Pages and other media related to its topic. Most blogs, are primarily textual, although some focus on art ,photographs, videos, music and audio. In education, blogs can be used as intructional resources. These blogs are referred to as edublogs The entries of blog is also known as posts.

News Groups

An area on a computer network especially the Internet, devoted to the discussion of a specified topic is known as Newsgroup. Online discussion group that allows interaction through electronic bulletin board system and chat sessions.

Newsgroups are organized into subject hierarchies, with the first letters of the newsgroup name indicating the major subject category and sub-categories represented by a subtopic name.

Search Engine

It is a Website that provides the required data on specific topics. search engines turn the web into a powerful tool for finding information on any topic, When you type any term in search bar, then the search engine will look for matching Websites from all over the web.

many search engines also have directories or lists of topics that are organized into categories. Browsing these directories, is also a very efficient way to find information on a given topic.

Here are some of the most popular search engines:-

  • Google – http://www.google.com
  • Alta Vista – https://www.google.com
  • Yahoo – https://www.yahoo.com
  • HotBot – http://www.hotbot.com
  • Lycos – http://www.lycos.com
  • Excite – https://www.excite.com

What Are The Terms Related To Internet?

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