Top 5 Best Vulnerability Scanning Tools

Top 5 Best Vulnerability Scanning Tools – An attacker performs vulnerability scanning in order to identify security loopholes in the target network that he/she can exloit to launch attacks. Security analysts can use vulnerability scanning tools to identify weaknesses present in the organization’s security posture and remediate the identified vulnerabilities before an attacker exploits. Network Vulnerability Scanners help in analyzing and identifying vulnerabilities in the target network or network resources by means of vulnerability scanning and network auditing. These tools also assist in overcoming weaknesses in the network by suggesting…

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Vulnerability Scoring System

Vulnerability Scoring System – Vulnerability scoring systems and vulnerability databases are used by security analysts to rank information system vulnerabilities, and to provide a composite score of the overall severity and risk associated with identified vulnerabilities. Vulnerability databases collect and maintain information about various vulneabilities present in the information systems. This section discusses Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS), and vulnerability databases like Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE), and National Vulnerability Databases (NVD). Vulnerability Scoring System Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) Source : First Org CVSS is a published standard that…

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Classification of Vulnerability?

Classification of Vulnerability? – In a network there are generally two main causes for systems being vulnerable, software or hardware misconfiguration and poor programming practices. Attackers exploit these vulnerabilities to perform various types of attacks on organizational resource. Classification of Vulnerability? Vulnerability present in a system or network are classified into the following categories: Misconfiguration Misconfiguration is the most common vulnerability that is mainly caused by human error, which allows attackers to gain unauthorized access to the system. This may happen intentionally or unintentionally affecting web servers, application platform, database…

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What is LDAP Enumeration?

What is LDAP Enumeration? – Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an Internet Protocol for accessing distributed directory services. Directory services may provide any organized set of records, often in a hierarchical and logical structure, such as a corporate email directory. A client strats a LDAP session by connecting to a Directory System Agent (DSA) on TCP port 389 and then sends an Operation request to the DSA. Information is transmitted between the client and the server using Basic Encoding Rules (BER). Attackers queries LDAP service to gather information such…

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Top Five Footprinting Tool?

Top Five Footprinting Tool? – Attackers are aided in footprinting with the help of various tools. Many organizations offer tools that make information gathering an easy task. This section describes tools intended for obtaining information from various sources. Footprinting tools are used to collect basic information about the target systems in order to exploit them. Information collected by the footprinting tools contain target’s IP location information, routing information, business information, address, phone number and social security number, details about a source of an email and a file, DNS information, domain…

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Competitive Intelligence Gathering

Competitive Intelligence Gathering – Competitive Intelligence gathering is the process of identifying, gathering, analyzing, verifying and using information about your competitores from resources such as the Internet. Competitive Intelligence is non-interfering and subtle in nature. Competitive Intelligence Gathering It is non-interfering and subtle in nature compared to the direct intellectual property theft carried out through hacking or industrial espionage. It cocentrates on the external business enviorment. In this method, professionals gather information ethically and legally instead of gathering it secretly. Competitive intelligence helps in determining: What the competitors are doing.…

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Hacker Code of Ethics?

Hacker Code of Ethics? – if you do an Internet search for “hacker ethics,” you are more likely to find a glamorized version of so-called “hacker rules” that embrace the idea that hackers can do anything they want, even perhaps without limits, in the pursuit of whatever they want. Best-selling author Steven Levy’s 1984 book, Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution (https://www.amazon.com/Hackers-Computer-Revolution-Steven-Levy/dp/1449388396/ ), introduced the world to one of the earliest versions of hacker ethics ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacker_ethic ). In a nutshell, almost word for word, it said the following: 1.…

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The Different Forms of Penetration Tests

The Different Forms of Penetration Tests – The form of penetration test that you’ll conduct depends on the needs of your client. In this part of the book, you’ll learn about the different kinds of “pen tests”. The Different Forms of Penetration Tests Black Box Tests In a black box test, you don’t have any information regarding your target. Your first task is to research about your client’s network. Your client will define the results they need, but they won’t give you other pieces of data. The Advantages Black box…

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How to Become an Ethical Hacker

How to Become an Ethical Hacker – Ethical hacking is the perfect career choice for those interested in problem solving, communication and IT security. Here’s what it takes to become a white hat hacker. How to Become an Ethical Hacker An essential guide to becoming an ethical hacker I receive lots of emails asking for guidance on how to become an ethical hacker. Most requests are on how to become a black hat hacker which are usually ignored. Let’s take a look at the definition of an ethical hacker. How…

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What is Key Server in Cryptography?

What is Key Server in Cryptography? – At last we turn to key management. This is, without a doubt, the most difficult issue in cryptographic systems, which is why we left it to near the end. We’ve discussed how to encrypt and authenticate data, and how to negotiate a shared secret key between two participants. Now we need to find a way for Alice and Bob to recognize each other over the Internet. As you will see, this gets very complex very quickly. Key management is especially difficult because it…

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