IOT Hacking Tools & How To Defend Against IoT Hacking?

IoT Hacking Tools

IOT Hacking Tools – Attackers use IOT hacking tools to gathe information about the devices connected to the network, their open ports and services.

Identify attack surface area and associated vulnerabilities to perform further explotation on the device and the organization’s network.

This Section Deals with various IOT Hacking Tools:-

Information Gathering Tools

Attackers use information gathering tools sucha as shodan and Censys to gather basic information about the target device and network. Using these tools attackers obtain information such as live devices connected to the nework, their make , open ports and services, their physical location, etc.


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Ceysys is a public search engine and data processing facility backed by data collected from ongoing internet-wide scans. Censys supports full-text seraches on protocol banners and queries a wide range of derived fields.

It can identify specific vulnerable devices and networks and generate statistical reports on broad usuage patterns and trends. Censys continually monitors every reachable server and device on the internet, and analyze them in real time.

Censys allows a pentest to understand your network attack surface and discover new threats and assess their global impact. Censys collects data on hosts and websites through daily Zmap and Zgrap scans of the IPV4 address space, in turn maintaining a database of how hosts and websites are configured.


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Thingful is a search engine for the Internet of Things to find and use open IOT dat from around the world. it helps organizations make better decisions with external IOT data.

It collects real-time IOT data across dozens of verticals, including weather, enviroment, smart city, energy, and trasport. ThingFul’s data pipes make it quick and easy to find and use the IoT data.

Sniffing Tools

System administrators use automated tools to monitor their network and devices connected to the network, but attackers misuse these tools to sniff network data. Listed below are some of the tools that an attacker can use for sniffing traffic generated by IoT devices.

Z-Wave Sniffer

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Z-Wave Sniffer is hardware tool used to sniff traffic generated by smart devices connected in the network.


  • Performs real time monitoring
  • Captures packets from all Z-wave networks.
  • Provides upgradable firmware
  • Supports Windows, Mac Os And Linux
  • Works with all Z-wave controllers (including Fibaro, Homeseer, Tridium Niagara, Z-way, Smartthing, Vera or any othe Z-wave controller)

Listed Below are some of the addional tools used to sniff traffic generated by IoT devices:

  • CloudShark
  • Ubiqua Protocol Analyzer
  • Perytons Protocol Analyzer
  • WireShark
  • TcpDump
  • OpenSniffer
  • APIMOTE IEEE 802.15.4
  • Ubertooth

Vulnerability Scanning Tools

Vulnerability scanning allows an attacker to identify vulnerabilities in IoT devices and their network and to further determine how they can be exploited. These tools assist network security professionals in overcoming the identified weaknesses in the device and network by suggesting various remediation techniques to protect the organization’s network.


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beStorm is a smart fuzzer to find buffer overflow vulnerabilities by automating and documenting the process of delivering corrupted input and watching for unexpected response from the application.

It supports multi-protocol enviorment and address breaches by testing over 50 protocols while providing automated binary and textual analysis, advanced debugging and stack tracing.

By applying automated protocol based fuzzing techniques, beSTORM is an automated black-box auditing tool. it tries virtually every attack combination intelligently, starting with most likely scenarious and detects application anomalies, which indicate a successful attack.

This way security holes can be found in the application far faster, without brute force testing and almost without any user intervention. beSTORM is equipped with the ability to use multiple processors or multiple machines to parallelize the audit and sustantially reduce the testing duration.

listed below are some of the additional vulnerability scanners for IoT devices:

  • Rapid7 Metasploit PRO.
  • IoTsploit
  • IoTSeeker
  • Bitdefender Home Scanner
  • IoTInspector

IoT Hacking Tools : –

Listed below are some of th IoT hacking tools used by attacker to exploit target IoT devices and network to perform various attacks such as DDoS, jamming, BlueBorne, etc.

Firmalyzer Enterprise

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Fimalyzer enables device vendors and security professionals to perform automated security assessment on software that powers IoT devices (firmware) in order to identify configuration and application vulnerabilities. This tool notifies users about the vulnerablities discoverd and assists to mitigate those in a timely manner.


  • Explore files inside firmware and view their details and content.
  • Find configuration issues and ways to fix them
  • Discover vulnerable apps in firmware (PHP, Java ,Javascript)
  • Can Identify a large number of components including complete details
  • Can identify cryptographic issues such as problematic cerificates or hand-coded private keys
  • shows complete details of each file inside the firware.
  • Assists compliance and due dilligence activities by searching copyright notes in each file content inside a firware
  • Provides the ability to define advanced queries based on different factors and performs an advanced search.

Listed below are some of the additonal tools to perform IoT hacking:

  • ChipWhisperer
  • rfcat-rollijam
  • KillerBee
  • Firmware Analysis Toolkit

How To Defend Against IoT Hacking?

  1. Disable the “guest” and “demo” user accounts if enabled.
  2. use the “Lock Out” feature to lock out accounts for excessive invalid login attempts
  3. Implement strong authentication mechanisms
  4. Locate control system networks and devices behind firewalls and isolate them from the business network.
  5. Implement IPS and IOS in the network.
  6. Implement end-to-end encryption and use public-key infrastructure
  7. Use VPN Architechture for secure communication.
  8. Display security as a unified, integrated system.
  9. Allow only trusted IP Address to access device from the internet.
  10. Disable Telnet Port 23
  11. Disable UPnP Port on routers.
  12. Prevent the devices against physical tampering
  13. Patch vulnerabilities and update the device firmware regularly
  14. Monitor traffic on port 48101 as the infected devices attempt to spread the malicious file using port 48101.

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