How to setup Tor on Linux

how to install tor in linux

How to setup Tor on Linux – The Tor browser has packages for Debian, Redhat, and Gentoo Linux platforms. These packages can be downloaded from the official website: www.Torproject.org and installed manually. We explore how you can set up your Tor browser on each of these platforms. Let’s jump in.

How to setup Tor browser on Debian/Ubuntu platforms

Before you begin the process of installing Tor on your computer, ensure you’re connected to the internet. Here are steps that you should follow to successfully install and use Tor on Debian Linux platforms such as Ubuntu:

Step 1: Installing Tor browser

● Launch the terminal
● Ensure you’ve logged into your terminal as root by typing the following command at the command
prompt of your terminal:
su
● Type in your root password
● Type the following command at the command prompt:
apt-get install Tor

● Wait for the installation process to complete.
● Ensure you update your system by typing the following command at the command prompt:
apt-get update

Step 2: Setting up Tor for use

You may wish to use applications such as instant messaging, jabber and IRC directly without the inconvenience of the Tor browser. If this is the case, then you should point each of these applications the Tor port. The ports can be set up for localhost at 9050 or the Tor browser at 9150.

If you have personal firewall limitations that are restricting your computer to connect to it, then ensure you allow these connections by enabling connections from the local apps to point to the Tor localhost port at 9050. If the firewall is blocking the outgoing connections, then you can use either port 80 or 443.

Step 3: Consider running the Tor browser as a relay

As we had mentioned earlier, the Tor browser relies on volunteer nodes in the network that routes information from the client to the server. If more internet users volunteer to run the relay, then the speed of the Tor browser is enhanced. You can be part of the team that volunteers to use your computer as a relay.

In fact, if you have at least 2 MBPs for both download and upload, you can configure your Tor to be a relay. To configure your Tor browser to act as a relay, simply locate the Tor Browser’s configuration file named “Torrc.”

How to setup Tor on Redhat/Fedora platforms

Ensure you’re connected to the internet before you begin the installation process. Below are the steps to follow for successful installation and setup of Tor browser on Fedora Linux:

Step 1: Installing Tor browser

● Launch the terminal
● Ensure you’ve logged into your terminal as root by typing the following command at the command prompt of your terminal:
su

● Type in your root password
● Type the following command at the command prompt: yum install Tor
● Wait for the installation process to complete.
● Ensure you update your system by typing the following command at the command prompt: yum update

Step 2: Setting up Tor for use

You may wish to use applications such as instant messaging, jabber and IRC directly without the inconvenience of the Tor browser. If this is the case, then you should point each of these applications the Tor port. The ports can be set up for localhost at 9050 or the Tor browser at 9150.

If you have personal firewall limitations that are restricting your computer to connect to it, then ensure you allow these connections by enabling connections from the local apps to point to the Tor localhost port at 9050. If the firewall is blocking the outgoing connections, then you can use either port 80 or 443.

Step 3: Consider running the Tor browser as a relay

If you wish your Tor browser to volunteer as a Tor relay, then here are steps to follow:
● Locate the Tor browser’s configuration file named “Torrc.”
● Open the Torrc file using a text editor such as gedit and add the following lines:
OR Port 443

How to setup Tor on Mac OS X

Here are steps that you’ll be required to follow before you can begin using TOR on Mac OS:

Step 1: Install the Mac Ports

I know you’re now thinking, “What are Mac Ports?”

Well, a MacPorts is simply a package management system in Mac OS X that streamlines the process of installing applications. It is open source platform software that allows users who’re using Mac OS X to install and uninstall applications in an efficient and simplified manner. Since Tor browser is open source software, the MacPorts can be used to compile, install and manage it.

So, before you install Tor browser, you’ll be required to install the MacPorts first. Simply download the MacPorts for the current version of your Mac OS X and process to install it.

Step 2: Installing Tor browser

Here are steps to follow when installing the Tor browser on a Mac OS X:
● Open the terminal window in Mac OS X.
● Type the following command at the command prompt and press the enter key:
sudo port install Tor
● Wait for the installation process to complete. Once the installation process is complete, you’ll find
a sample of the Tor configuration file at the location: “/opt/local/etc/Tor/Torrc.sample.” ensure you edit
the file by removing the” .sample” extension so that it is effective.

Step 3: Setting up Tor for use on a Mac OS X

You may wish to use applications such as instant messaging, jabber and IRC directly without the inconvenience of the Tor browser. If this is the case, then you should point each of these applications the Tor port. The ports can be set up for localhost at 9050 or the Tor browser at 9150.

If you have personal firewall limitations that are restricting your computer to connect to it, then ensure you allow these connections by enabling connections from the local apps to point to the Tor localhost port at 9050. If the firewall is blocking the outgoing connections, then you can use either port 80 or 443.

Step 4: Configuring the Tor as a relay

If you wish your Tor browser to volunteer as a Tor relay, then here are steps to follow:
● Locate the Tor browser’s configuration file named “Torrc.”
● Open the Torrc file using a text editor such as gedit and add the following lines:
OR Port 443

How to uninstall Tor on Mac OS X

To uninstall Tor browser on a Mac OS X, follow the steps below:
● Open the terminal.
● Type the following command at the command prompt and press enter key:
sudo port uninstall Tor
● Wait for the uninstallation process to complete.
● Restart your computer for changes to take effect.

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